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For the last 30 years, the number of countries with violent conflicts has been rising. According to the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), one in four children live in countries affected by conflict or disaster.

In these countries, children have been forcibly displaced by violence and conflict and as of early 2018, nearly 31 million children faced such circumstances, including 13 million child refugees and more than 17 million inside their own countries.

“Attacks on children continue unabated. From Afghanistan and the Central African Republic to South Sudan and Syria, warring parties are flouting one of the most basic rules of war: the protection of children,” reads UNICEF report.

“Children have become frontline targets. This is a moral crisis of our age: We must never accept this as the ‘new normal’.”

As per the report, millions of children living in countries affected by conflict and disaster lack access to vital child protection services, putting their well-being and futures at risk.

“In humanitarian emergencies, violence against children can result in death, serious injury and lasting trauma. An insidious sort of violence also affects children when humanitarian emergencies deprive them of health, nutrition, water and sanitation, education and other basic needs,” report mentions. “Humanitarian Action for Children 2019 underscores the urgency of protecting children in crisis – from the Democratic Republic of the Congo to Syria to Yemen – from all such threats to their lives, well-being and dignity.”